SponGES is structured into several work packages aimed at: i - strengthening the knowledge-base on North Atlantic sponge ground ecosystems by investigating their distribution, diversity, biogeography, function and dynamics (WP1-4); ii - improving innovation and industrial application by unlocking the biotechnological potential of these ecosystems (WP5): iii) - improving the capacity to model, understand and predict threats and impacts and future anthropogenic and climate-driven changes to these ecosystems (WP6-7); and iv) advancing the science-policy interface and developing tools for improved resource management and good governance of these ecosystems from regional to international levels across the North Atlantic (WP8-9).